Over the next few weeks we will take a journey through some of these elements, without forgetting that the “form-function” concept so characteristic of design is, in fact, something very recent that appeared at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
It originated in the German Bauhaus school. For the first time the shape of objects did not refer to anything known (historic styles) or recognizable (nature). The object took an abstract form, which was the result of a study of its usage needs. This is how functionalism, the aesthetic current that defined the Western world, was born. It was the origin of the objects we will now remember.
Our home is the space where design plays a more relevant role. In addition to the light bulb, the radio or the television, our homes are filled with innovative objects we continue to use today. Some of them are:
The No. 14 chair. Designed by Michael Thonet (1854), this is the first mass produced “standard” chair, in this case by the company Gebrüder Thonet (Thonet brothers). This was achieved by implementing a revolutionary woodworking system. Moreover, the No. 14 chair was made up of 6 modules and 6 screws, which lowered the costs and selling price. Traditional originality gave way to modern standard shapes.